Thursday, 13 June 2013

How to install and use ZAP wireless tool from Ruckus Wireless on Fedora or Linux PC

This tool is used for UDP performance testing mostly for Video or IPTV kind of traffic for wireless AP

How Zap Works from Ruckus website:

Zap works by sending controlled bursts of packets and measuring both packet loss and inter-arrival times. The primary results reported are number of packets lost, total packets

received and detailed throughput statistics. Because Zap provides a measure of both throughput and consistency over time and distance, it has particular importance to streaming

video, voice and other latency-sensitive applications. Conversely, knowing only average throughput levels will not help predict the performance of a wireless network.

By measuring the maximum throughput of batches of packets, Zap is able to determine the minimum throughput that can be expected at a given percentile. For example, if Zap reports

the 99.5 percentile to be 50Mbps, that means statistically, throughput is at or greater than 50Mbps 99.5 percent of the time. For video applications, the ability to determine

throughput within the 99.5 percentile gives IT managers and network designers the assurance of the maximum throughput that a given IP wireless network can deliver reliably to

ensure picture-perfect viewing.

Steps to install and use this tool in Fedora or Linux PC

Internet is connected to this machine.

1) Download and install SVN client on PC

 #yum install svn

2) once installed  run below command

#svn checkout zaptool

3) Change directory

 #cd zaptool

4) Install the tool

# make

# make install

5) you will need gcc compiler to make the files if not installed in machine

#yum install gcc

run step 4

6) After step 4 the tool is installed in the pc , repeat the same on another linux PC for back to back tests

7) Connect both the PC, back to back and run below commands

PC1 ( (

PC1#zapd &

PC2#zapd &

PC2#zap -s154.1.1.1 -d154.1.1.2 -X30

8) You should be seeing some results on PC2 after running above commands. Success-> try with your wireless devices

which is to be tested. Error-> go to step 9

9) If you get error -> could not Rx or similar try below commands on both PC, it will disable firewall.

PC1#service iptables stop

PC1#echo 0 > /selinux/enforce

PC2#service iptables stop

PC2#echo 0 > /selinux/enforce

10) Repeat step 7, should work fine.

Results : The result can be interpreted as below (taken from ZAP QSG)

Example zap output: 408=rx 0=dr 0=oo 0=rp 20=rx in 57.6ms 4.1mbps  4.3|10.2  3.7  0.2  0.1  0.1  0.1

The details on all the fields are:

src    src address
dst    dst address
rx    cumulative received packets
dr    dropped packets
oo    out of order packets
rp    retried packets
rx in    received packets in this batch (sample)
b_time    batch (sample) time
b_thrput    batch thruput (for given batch or sample)
avg    cumulative aggregate thruput
0%    max thruput observed (peak thruput)
50%    median thruput
90%    thruput at 90 percentile (i.e. thruput was better than this 90% of the time)
95%    thruput at 95 percentile
99%    thruput at 99 percentile
99.9%    thruput at 99.9 percentile

Keep learning,Keep sharing!

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