Tuesday, 28 July 2015

Command to generate multicast traffic using Iperf


Server Device:
Iperf –B 240.10.10.10 –us

Client Device:
Iperf –B <ServerDeviceIP> -uc 240.10.10.10 –b 10M –t 120



Tables in IPtables

IPtables

Tables in IPtables :
filter: This is the default table (if no -t option is passed).
        Built in chains
  • INPUT (for packets destined to local sockets), 
  • FORWARD (for packets being routed through the box),
  • OUTPUT (for locally-generated packets).

nat: This table is consulted when a packet that creates a new connection is encountered.
          Built in chains
  • PREROUTING (for altering packets as soon as they come in),
  • OUTPUT (for altering locally-generated packets before routing),
  • POSTROUTING (for altering packets as they are about to go out).

mangle: This table is used for specialized packet alteration.

Until kernel 2.4.17  it had two built-in chains:
  • PREROUTING (for altering incoming packets before routing)
  • OUTPUT (for altering locally-generated packets before routing).

Since kernel 2.4.18, three other built-in chains are also supported: 

  • INPUT (for packets coming into the box itself), 
  • FORWARD (for altering packets being routed through the box)
  • POSTROUTING (for altering packets as they are about to go out).

raw:
This table is used mainly for configuring exemptions from connection tracking in combination with the NOTRACK target.
 It registers at the netfilter hooks with higher priority and is thus called before ip_conntrack, or any other IP tables.

 It provides the following built-in chains:

  • PREROUTING (for packets arriving via any network interface)
  •  OUTPUT (for packets generated by local processes)

Ref : http://linux.die.net/man/8/iptables

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